Monday, July 27, 2015

How to Use Bootstrap (CSS only) and Webpack

I thought it was going to be easy.


I thought that with a single line of JavaScript, I could have Bootstrap available for use within my web application. However, that was not to be the case. After battling through Webpack producing errors about CSS, woff2 and various other issues, I finally reached my limit at:

Uncaught ReferenceError: jQuery is not defined

I'm sure I'm not the first person to run into this issue (a quick Google produced this solution) but what pushed me over the edge was that I only wanted Bootstrap for it's CSS; I had no need to add jQuery as I wasn't going to use any of Bootstrap's JavaScriptiness. As far as I was concerned, this was another hoop and I wasn't going to jump through it.

With invigorated motivation and a fierce sense of purpose, I set out to get Webpack running with Bootstrap's CSS and nothing more. There had to be a way where I could load bootstrap.min.css and that is what I sought out. 

From my previous attempts to use bootstrap-webpack, I felt that if I had the correct Webpack loaders installed and configured correctly, Webpack should be able to load the CSS file. After playing around with adding and removing loaders, I settled on five that appear to be the bear minimum you need:
  • babel-loader: to transpile the "require" keyword
  • css-loader & style-loader: for processing CSS
  • file-loader: for handling "eot" resources
  • url-loader: for handling woff, woff2, ttf & svg resources

I expect that as Bootstrap evolves, this set of loaders will change but as of v3.3.5, these are all you need.


module.exports = {
    entry: {
        app: ["webpack/hot/dev-server", "./app/app.js"],
    output: {    
        path: './app',
        filename: 'bundle.js'
    module: {
      loaders: [
            { test: /\.jsx?$/, exclude: /(node_modules|bower_components)/, loader: 'babel' },
            { test: /\.css$/, loader: 'style-loader!css-loader' },
            { test: /\.eot(\?v=\d+\.\d+\.\d+)?$/, loader: "file" },
            { test: /\.(woff|woff2)$/, loader:"url?prefix=font/&limit=5000" },
            { test: /\.ttf(\?v=\d+\.\d+\.\d+)?$/, loader: "url?limit=10000&mimetype=application/octet-stream" },
            { test: /\.svg(\?v=\d+\.\d+\.\d+)?$/, loader: "url?limit=10000&mimetype=image/svg+xml" }

The loaders were configured as above. Most of this was extracted from the configuration for bootstrap-webpack. The only change of note was updating the test for the url-loader to match both woff and woff2.

This solution is perfect for use with an Angular application where you are using angular.ui. Adding Bootstrap's JavaScript and jQuery in this scenario would be a waste as angular.ui provides the same set of features. 

Oh, and with the Babel-loader installed, you are free to use ES6 to your heart's content!

Feel free to check out the repo on GitHub

//Code, rinse, repeat